getDesignGroupSequential {rpact}R Documentation

Get Design Group Sequential

Description

Provides adjusted boundaries and defines a group sequential design.

Usage

getDesignGroupSequential(
  ...,
  kMax = NA_integer_,
  alpha = NA_real_,
  beta = NA_real_,
  sided = 1L,
  informationRates = NA_real_,
  futilityBounds = NA_real_,
  typeOfDesign = c("OF", "P", "WT", "PT", "HP", "WToptimum", "asP", "asOF", "asKD",
    "asHSD", "asUser", "noEarlyEfficacy"),
  deltaWT = NA_real_,
  deltaPT1 = NA_real_,
  deltaPT0 = NA_real_,
  optimizationCriterion = c("ASNH1", "ASNIFH1", "ASNsum"),
  gammaA = NA_real_,
  typeBetaSpending = c("none", "bsP", "bsOF", "bsKD", "bsHSD", "bsUser"),
  userAlphaSpending = NA_real_,
  userBetaSpending = NA_real_,
  gammaB = NA_real_,
  bindingFutility = NA,
  betaAdjustment = NA,
  constantBoundsHP = 3,
  twoSidedPower = NA,
  delayedInformation = NA_real_,
  tolerance = 1e-08
)

Arguments

...

Ensures that all arguments (starting from the "...") are to be named and that a warning will be displayed if unknown arguments are passed.

kMax

The maximum number of stages K. Must be a positive integer of length 1 (default value is 3). The maximum selectable kMax is 20 for group sequential or inverse normal and 6 for Fisher combination test designs.

alpha

The significance level alpha, default is 0.025. Must be a positive numeric of length 1.

beta

Type II error rate, necessary for providing sample size calculations (e.g., getSampleSizeMeans()), beta spending function designs, or optimum designs, default is 0.20. Must be a positive numeric of length 1.

sided

Is the alternative one-sided (1) or two-sided (2), default is 1. Must be a positive integer of length 1.

informationRates

The information rates (that must be fixed prior to the trial), default is (1:kMax) / kMax.

futilityBounds

The futility bounds, defined on the test statistic z scale (numeric vector of length kMax - 1).

typeOfDesign

The type of design. Type of design is one of the following: O'Brien & Fleming ("OF"), Pocock ("P"), Wang & Tsiatis Delta class ("WT"), Pampallona & Tsiatis ("PT"), Haybittle & Peto ("HP"), Optimum design within Wang & Tsiatis class ("WToptimum"), O'Brien & Fleming type alpha spending ("asOF"), Pocock type alpha spending ("asP"), Kim & DeMets alpha spending ("asKD"), Hwang, Shi & DeCani alpha spending ("asHSD"), user defined alpha spending ("asUser"), no early efficacy stop ("noEarlyEfficacy"), default is "OF".

deltaWT

Delta for Wang & Tsiatis Delta class.

deltaPT1

Delta1 for Pampallona & Tsiatis class rejecting H0 boundaries.

deltaPT0

Delta0 for Pampallona & Tsiatis class rejecting H1 boundaries.

optimizationCriterion

Optimization criterion for optimum design within Wang & Tsiatis class ("ASNH1", "ASNIFH1", "ASNsum"), default is "ASNH1", see details.

gammaA

Parameter for alpha spending function.

typeBetaSpending

Type of beta spending. Type of of beta spending is one of the following: O'Brien & Fleming type beta spending, Pocock type beta spending, Kim & DeMets beta spending, Hwang, Shi & DeCani beta spending, user defined beta spending ("bsOF", "bsP", "bsKD", "bsHSD", "bsUser", default is "none").

userAlphaSpending

The user defined alpha spending. Numeric vector of length kMax containing the cumulative alpha-spending (Type I error rate) up to each interim stage: 0 <= alpha_1 <= ... <= alpha_K <= alpha.

userBetaSpending

The user defined beta spending. Vector of length kMax containing the cumulative beta-spending up to each interim stage.

gammaB

Parameter for beta spending function.

bindingFutility

Logical. If bindingFutility = TRUE is specified the calculation of the critical values is affected by the futility bounds and the futility threshold is binding in the sense that the study must be stopped if the futility condition was reached (default is FALSE).

betaAdjustment

For two-sided beta spending designs, if betaAdjustement = TRUE a linear adjustment of the beta spending values is performed if an overlapping of decision regions for futility stopping at earlier stages occurs, otherwise no adjustment is performed (default is TRUE).

constantBoundsHP

The constant bounds up to stage kMax - 1 for the Haybittle & Peto design (default is 3).

twoSidedPower

For two-sided testing, if twoSidedPower = TRUE is specified the sample size calculation is performed by considering both tails of the distribution. Default is FALSE, i.e., it is assumed that one tail probability is equal to 0 or the power should be directed to one part.

delayedInformation

Delay of information for delayed response designs. Can be a numeric value or a numeric vector of length kMax - 1

tolerance

The numerical tolerance, default is 1e-08.

Details

Depending on typeOfDesign some parameters are specified, others not. For example, only if typeOfDesign "asHSD" is selected, gammaA needs to be specified.

If an alpha spending approach was specified ("asOF", "asP", "asKD", "asHSD", or "asUser") additionally a beta spending function can be specified to produce futility bounds.

For optimum designs, "ASNH1" minimizes the expected sample size under H1, "ASNIFH1" minimizes the sum of the maximum sample and the expected sample size under H1, and "ASNsum" minimizes the sum of the maximum sample size, the expected sample size under a value midway H0 and H1, and the expected sample size under H1.

Value

Returns a TrialDesign object. The following generics (R generic functions) are available for this result object:

How to get help for generic functions

Click on the link of a generic in the list above to go directly to the help documentation of the rpact specific implementation of the generic. Note that you can use the R function methods to get all the methods of a generic and to identify the object specific name of it, e.g., use methods("plot") to get all the methods for the plot generic. There you can find, e.g., plot.AnalysisResults and obtain the specific help documentation linked above by typing ?plot.AnalysisResults.

See Also

getDesignSet() for creating a set of designs to compare different designs.

Other design functions: getDesignCharacteristics(), getDesignConditionalDunnett(), getDesignFisher(), getDesignInverseNormal(), getGroupSequentialProbabilities(), getPowerAndAverageSampleNumber()

Examples

# Calculate two-sided critical values for a four-stage 
# Wang & Tsiatis design with Delta = 0.25 at level alpha = 0.05
getDesignGroupSequential(kMax = 4, alpha = 0.05, sided = 2, 
    typeOfDesign = "WT", deltaWT = 0.25) 

## Not run: 
# Calculate one-sided critical values and binding futility bounds for a three-stage 
# design with alpha- and beta-spending functions according to Kim & DeMets with gamma = 2.5
# (planned informationRates as specified, default alpha = 0.025 and beta = 0.2)
getDesignGroupSequential(kMax = 3, informationRates = c(0.3, 0.75, 1), 
    typeOfDesign = "asKD", gammaA = 2.5, typeBetaSpending = "bsKD", 
    gammaB = 2.5, bindingFutility = TRUE)

## End(Not run) 

# Calculate the Pocock type alpha spending critical values if the first 
# interim analysis was performed after 40% of the maximum information was observed
# and the second after 70% of the maximum information was observed (default alpha = 0.025)
getDesignGroupSequential(informationRates = c(0.4, 0.7), typeOfDesign = "asP") 


[Package rpact version 3.5.0 Index]